Close this search box.

How To Serve 7 Days Notice On Tenants


By Tuebi S.O. Egbuson Esq

Associate, Bezaleel Chambers International



Firstly, what is 7 days’ notice? Simply it is the notice of Owner’s Intention to apply to Court to recover possession of the property (it follows after a notice to quit). As a Landlord in Nigeria, you need to stay on your toes in order to not be taken for granted by your tenants of your demised property. Often at times, tenants renege/default on the agreed tenancy agreement. Therefore, in order to recover premises, there are certain steps prescribed by law that one must take as a landlord to successfully recover premises. One of those steps is the service of 7 days’ notice. This excerpt shall describe the intricacies and common misconceptions on serving 7 days’ notice.


Who Can Serve The 7 days’ Notice?

It is a common misconception that a court bailiff must serve the 7 days’ notice! This is probably because, only a court bailiff can lawfully eject a tenant from a demised property (PLEASE DO NOT ARRANGE THUGS TO FORCEFULLY EJECT A TENANT OR REMOVE THE ROOF OF THE PROPERTY TO FRUSTRATE THE TENANT, IT COULD LEAD TO PROSECUTION AND MAY FACE A JAIL TERM). However, service of the 7 days’ notice can be done by you a landlord or your agent (Lawyer, caretaker etc). Thus, said person has to paste the said notice on the gate or building in question and for further evidence, take a picture of what you’ve pasted, capturing the house or building number appropriate to the demised property in question, then send said picture to tenant.

Note that you must have duly served a notice to quit on the tenant before serving 7 days’ notice otherwise known as owner’s intention to recover premises. The timeframe for valid eviction notices can be determined by the tenancy agreement, but if the agreement fails to specify said timeframe, the timeframe will be determined by the operation of law based on the period of the tenancy and the mode of payment of rent as follows:

  1. If the tenancy is on a weekly basis, you are entitled to 7 days’ Notice to Quit
  2. Tenancy at will – 7 days’ notice to quit
  3. Monthly tenancy – 1-month notice to quit
  4. Quarterly tenancy – 3 months’ notice to quit
  5. Half-yearly tenancy – 3 months’ notice to quit
  6. Yearly tenancy – 6 months’ notice to quit.





Having abided with the aforementioned, you can be rest assured that the 7 days’ notice would’ve been duly served. The notice will communicate your intention to recover the property not less than 7 days after the notice is served. Essence being that it gives your tenant adequate time to evacuate the premises. The 7 days’ notice is to be calculated from the day after the service of the notice on the tenant and not from the day when it was served. If it is served before a Quit Notice or during the lifespan of a Quit Notice, it is thus rendered invalid. I advise the following;

  1. Do not be hasty to personally evict or frustrate a troublesome tenant.
  2. Always seek the counsel of a legal practitioner, for both advice and drafting of necessary documents as all cases are unique in their individual way.


For Further enquiries/clarifications contact; Email; tel; +234 701 22 0819 office; No 1 Durban Street, Wuse 2, Abuja, Nigeria.





  1. Sections 7, 8 & 9 of the Recovery of Premises Act 1945, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria (ABUJA) and other similar tenancy laws across the states in Nigeria.
  2. Onyekachi Umah ‘Effect of a Notice To Quit in Nigeria’ (, August 3, 2018)< > Accessed 13 October, 2021.
  3. Edoabasi ‘Udo Landlord’s And Tenant’s Frequently Asked Questions’ (–leases/664400/landlord39s-and-tenant39s-frequently-asked-questions , 16 January, 2018) Accessed 13 October, 2021.



This publication is not a piece of legal advice. The opinion expressed in this publication is that of the author(s) and not necessarily the opinion of Sabi Law Foundation, its staff and partners.
You too can publish your law articles for free on our website ( and enjoy increased visibility and readership on all our social media handles. No fess, no charges, no conditions and no submission guidelines are required. Just send your article and picture to our email ( We want your voice to be heard, as we all increase legal awareness, together! It pays to Sabi Law (understand law)! #SabiLaw
Get updates on all the free legal awareness projects of Sabi Law Foundation (#SabiLaw) and its partners, via:
Facebook Page: @LearnNigerianLaws
Instagram: @LearnNigerianLaws
Twitter: @LearnNigeriaLaw
YouTube: Learn Nigerian Laws
WhatsApp Chat via: (+234 903 913 1200)
or visit our project Website: (
This publication is powered by {A Free Law Awareness Program of Sabi Law Foundation, supported by the law firm of Bezaleel Chambers International (BCI).} Sabi Law Foundation is a Not-For-Profit and Non-Governmental Legal Awareness Organization based in Nigeria. It is the first of its kind and have been promoting free legal awareness since 2010, through the efforts of its founder.
As a registered not-for-profit and non-governmental organisation, Sabi Law Foundation relies on donations and sponsorships to promote free legal awareness across Nigeria and the world. With a vast followership across the globe, your donation will assist us increasing legal awareness, improving access to justice, and reducing common legal disputes in Nigeria. Make your donations to us via : or contact us for sponsorship and partnership, via: or +234 903 913 1200.











8 Responses

  1. I want to renovate my house to flat apartment so I decided to service all my tenants quick notice one by one. My caretaker has serve 2 of them the notice to quit and 7 days letter to take the procession of my property. To my surprise the tenants hasn’t moved out they are still there. Please what’s the advice to do next.

  2. Freaking useful!! I’d like to an article on the tenants rights though! What can tenants do to landlords that are defaulting on the tenancy agreement.

    1. Not all. A tenant MUST pay for all the days, weeks, months and years spent on a property, even after a Notice to Quit/Notice to recover premises is served and even when there is a case in a court. There is no free period in tenancy. You are advised to speak with your lawyers. You could also request for a paid meeting to speak with the author or any lawyer in our law firm on this issue or any other, here;

    2. There are no free periods in a tenancy in Nigeria. Every tenant pays for time spent on property, even where there is a Notice to Quit/Notice to Recover Premises and even where there is a case in a court. You are advised to speak with your lawyers. You could also request for a paid meeting to speak with the author or any lawyer in our law firm on this issue or any other, here;

  3. in a case your rent is to be due in december 2022 and you went to renew the rent, only for a landlord to tell you that there has been an increament in rent and you decided to pay for 6 month {on the new rate} but after a month, the rent is refunded and you are asked to exit the building at the end of the current rent which it due in december 2022.
    what should such a tenant do.?

Leave a Reply

Related Posts

Contact Support


Welcome! Log into your account