Know Your Rights’ Series(Part 4) Everybody Na Landlord; Na To Get Land Remain

Know Your Rights’ Series(Part 4) Everybody Na Landlord; Na To Get Land Remain

Know Your Rights’ Series(Part 4) Everybody Na Landlord; Na To Get Land Remain! By Ogheneare Fejiro Praise

Weird right? How can everybody be a landlord and yet we still have so many tenants? Well, the answer is in the second portion of the heading: what remains is to get a land. In essence, every citizen of Nigeria has a conditional right to own property in Nigeria, and this is enshrined in Section 44 of the 1999 Constitution. This Section will form the pith of this article and subsequent ones forthwith.

Firstly, who is a citizen? Reverting back to the first part of this Series, a citizen was defined as, ‘someone who is a member of a particular commune, organization, or nation-state and by that very fact, he or she is obligated to perform certain duties and enjoy certain rights’. A citizen of Nigeria however, takes on a slightly narrower meaning. Section 25 (1) of the 1999 Constitution identifies a citizen of Nigeria as one,

  1. who was born in Nigeria (before October 1st 1960) by parents or from grandparents who belonged to any of the indigenous Nigerian communities;
  2. who was born in Nigeria (after October 1st 1960) either of whose parents or any of whose grandparents is a citizen of Nigeria. And
  3. who was born outside Nigeria, but by parents, either of whom are citizens of Nigeria.

The 1999 Constitution also provides for citizenship by registration (Section 26), and naturalization (Section 27). In sum, all of the aforelisted categories of people are citizens of Nigeria, and have a right to acquire and own immoveable property anywhere in Nigeria….

To be Continued.

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